Understanding Poisoning In Rabbits

Rabbits are at risk of poisoning from toxic plants, topical products, such as shampoos, and chemicals commonly found in pesticides and pest control products. Here’s an overview of the common causes, symptoms and treatment approach:

Causes

When rabbits are allowed to graze outdoors, they are at risk of ingesting poisonous plants in your garden. Plants that are poisonous to rabbits include daffodils, buttercups, amaryllis, rhubarb leaves and foxglove. Shampoos, ointments and flea treatments that haven’t been specifically formulated for rabbits can cause respiratory distress, skin irritation and gastric upset. Your vet can recommend products that are safe for your rabbit. Organophosphates, which are typically found in pest control products, can damage your rabbit’s nervous system, so be mindful of this when selecting slug bait or ant powder for your garden.

Symptoms

Symptoms of poisoning in rabbits include the following:

  • Digestive upset
  • Convulsions
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy
  • Organ damage
  • Low mood, which may present as an unwillingness to be held or play

Treatment Approach

Your vet will diagnose poisoning by taking details of your rabbit’s symptoms and analysing a sample of their blood for the presence of common toxins and inflammation, which is a sign your rabbit’s immune system is fighting a foreign invader. If your rabbit has had diarrhoea, the vet will also test a sample of their urine to determine if they are dehydrated.

Once the vet has established the type of poison your rabbit has ingested, they will treat them with an antidote, if one is available. If no antidote is available, they will use one of the following treatment approaches:

Activated Charcoal – Activated charcoal binds with the poison in your rabbit’s digestive tract and carries it out of their body when they empty their bowels. It is administered as a drink, but it can be given through a nasogastric tube if your rabbit is refusing to drink.

Gastric Lavage – This treatment is only an option if your rabbit receives veterinary care immediately after ingesting the poison, as it’s not effective if the poison has entered your rabbit’s intestines. The poison will be purged from your rabbit’s stomach using emetic drugs.

Intravenous Fluids – In addition to treating dehydration, intravenous fluids can be used to support your rabbit’s liver as it tries to process the toxins they have ingested, and high volumes of fluids can help flush the poison out of your rabbit’s system.

If you suspect your rabbit has ingested a poisonous substance, consider it a vet emergency and take them in immediately. Early intervention can prevent permanent organ damage and save your rabbit’s life. 

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Why is my cat crying? Causes for a cat’s eyes to weep

Cat eyes usually do not produce noticeable amounts of fluid. However in some cases, you can find that your cat is overflowing with tears. Here are some of the possible causes of a cat’s eyes weeping. 

Allergies

Cat’s can be as prone to allergic eye watering as their owners. This can be annoying for that cat but tends to go away once the allergy trigger has gone away. Seasonal allergies can include pollens, as well as one-off issues such as bushfires with irritating smoke haze. You can help your cat by giving them open access to water to stay hydrated as well as allowing them to come inside as needed to escape any allergens that are irritating them. 

Blocked tear ducts

Cats tear ducts can become inflamed or blocked which can lead to discharge or overflowing tears. Some breeds with shorter noses may be particularly prone to this issue. It may be useful to help your cat clear this blockage by gently wiping the tear ducts with a sterile saline wipe. 

Injuries

Cats that get into fights can get small scratches and injuries in their eyes. These often heal without any further treatments but can result in excess discharge which can be clear or pink with a little blood. If the cat does get injured and the wound seems to be irritated, it can be sensible to get the wound looked at by a vet. They can help by washing out the eye and providing antibiotics (either by drops or cream) to help stem any infection. There can also be bacterial infections picked up during fighting if the fighting cats has bacteria under their claws when they swipe the eye.  

Untreated wounds could lead to a loss of the eye in the worse case, so early treatment can be a good way to ensure your cat continues to have good eyesight going forward. 

Viral conjunctivitis 

Another issue that causes a cat’s eye to weep or have discharge is viral conjunctivitis. This can be passed between grooming each other as well as being commonly passed from mother to kitten during birthing. This can be easily cured with a simple medicated drop or cream, which can be prescribed by a vet. 

If you notice your cat has watering eyes, it’s a good idea to get it checked out by a vet. In most cases a simple course of drops or antibiotics can clear up the issue and prevent later complications. 

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Is Your Home Suffering From a Pest Infestation?

No one likes to think of their home as being host to rodents, roaches, termites, and other such pests, but unfortunately these critters can make their way into even the cleanest of homes and set up shop, so to speak. While you may see roaches in your kitchen or a mouse run across the baseboards of a home, sometimes it’s not so obvious that your home is infested.

There are however some telltale signs of having pests of any sort under your roof, and if you recognise these signs you should call for an exterminator like All Seasons Carpet Cleaning & Pest Management.

1. Your pets are acting strange

Cats often chase large bugs, lizards, and of course mice when they’re in the home, and dogs may react to the scent of larger rodents such as rats. If you see your cat being very attentive to an area of a wall, especially if it crouches down as if it’s going to pounce, or if you see it running along the baseboards of your home, chances are it’s spotted a pest of some sort.

Dogs may growl at certain areas of the wall if they can smell a rat or other rodent behind it, or may sniff along the baseboards. Don’t overlook these signs from your pets and if they seem agitated or very interested in areas of your home, call an exterminator or pest inspector.

2. You hear odd sounds from the kitchen or basement

Mice will scratch at packaging of food to get it open or the walls to create holes in which they can burrow. A snake may make a rustling sound in the basement as it crawls around. Roaches might also be heard as they go through your garbage in the kitchen or try to get into the darkness behind your cupboards when you turn on a light. If you notice any of these odd sounds, you may want to call a pest inspector.

3. You notice slight areas of damage to your home

If you see a small hole in the baseboard of your home or notice that the wood around a door handle has gotten soft, don’t be quick to assume this is just wood rot. Mice may have burrowed into that hole or termites may have eaten around that door handle. Hollow sounds behind the wall can also mean termites have invaded, and areas of cupboard doors that seem to have chipped away can also be the result of mice.

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Preparing Your Precious Pet for the Boarding Kennel Experience

You know that in a matter of days you’ll be getting on a plane and jetting your way to a sun soaked beach somewhere, or will be exploring the streets of an exotic foreign city. It would be fantastic if you were able to bring your pets on holiday, and of course, Fido would probably enjoy sniffing the backsides of other dogs in Paris. Sadly, this is not the case, and your beloved pet will need to be boarded. It’s not always as simple as dropping your pet off and then picking him or her up when you arrive home, and there are a few things you need to remember to ensure that the boarding experience is as straightforward as possible…both for you and your pet.

Vaccinations

Make sure your pet’s vaccinations are up to date. This is really something you should consider weeks before you leave, just in case you need to schedule a vet’s appointment. Most pet boarding facilities have minimum requirements before they will accept the animal, so find out what their requirements are when you make the booking. Don’t leave any vaccinations until the last moment – dogs in particular can cough in the days immediately after a shot (something known as canine cough), and you don’t want the boarding staff to think the animal is sick.

Medication and Diet

If your pet needs medication or has a specific diet, you will need to make sure that you have enough of these items to take to the pet boarding facility. It can be wise to bring enough for one or two days extra, in case your trip home is delayed for reasons beyond your control. You should also advise the boarding staff if you don’t want your pet to be given extra treats. This is particularly important if your pet has a sensitive stomach and might become unwell due to unfamiliar food.

Notify Your Vet

Even if your pet doesn’t need any vaccinations prior to boarding, it’s a good idea to put your vet on standby. Make sure that boarding staff have the name and contact number of your vet, and let the vet know that you’ll be away. In case of emergency, the boarding facility will have their own vet to call on, and yet in a worst case scenario, you might want your own vet to be used. It’s also important to give the boarding facility the name and number of a friend or family member who lives locally and knows the animal – in the unlikely event that they need assistance, such as if your pet becomes overly anxious.

First Time Boarder?

If your pet hasn’t been boarded in a while, or if it’s their first time, you could consider a practice run. Check your pet into the boarding facility (such as Cottage Kennels & Cattery) for a night in the week before your departure, so that any behavioural issues can be noted and addressed. This reduces the likelihood of the pet becoming stressed during their extended stay, and also gives boarding staff members an idea of your pet’s personality.

Your pet is a member of your family, and making sure that your pet is well-prepared for boarding means you can relax and enjoy your holiday. It’s also a kind of holiday for your pet!

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Protect Your Pooch From Parvovirus Before They Enter A Queensland Kennel

A parvovirus outbreak is currently taking place in parts of Queensland. If you are planning to board your dog while you head out of town for summer holidays, it is vitally important that you protect them before you go. Here are the facts that you need to know about parvovirus.

What Is Parvovirus?

Parvovirus is a disease that attacks the intestines of your dog. It is incredibly contagious, and sits within the faeces and vomit of infected dogs. It can remain active outside of a dog’s body for up to seven months, which makes it potentially fatal to any dog that comes into contact with it during that time.

If you are planning for your dog to leave the safety of your home, it must be vaccinated for protection.

Parvovirus Vaccination

Young puppies are most at risk of contracting Parvovirus, and it is recommended that they have parvorvirus vaccinations on a four weekly cycle until they reach the age of four or five months. Your vet will determine when the vaccinations can stop based on the vaccination history of the puppy’s mother. If she had parvovirus antibodies within her, then the puppy will need extra protection.

Once the puppy has had their initial parvovirus vaccination, they will need to have a booster shot each year. Some dogs will only need them every three years, but certain breeds such as Rottweilers and Dobermans have a history of parvovirus infection, so for these breeds may need vaccinating as often as six-monthly. Your vet will advise you of how often to get your dog a vaccine update.

Once your dog has been vaccinated against parvovirus, their chances of protection are great, but you must still talk to the boarding kennel owners before you leave your dog in their care.

Dog Boarding Kennels And Parvovirus

Many boarding kennels (such as Hedgegrove Boarding Kennels & Cattery Pty Ltd) ask for proof that a dog has been vaccinated against parvovirus before they accept the pet. If the boarding kennel you are considering does not do this, then you must be concerned about the safety of your dog while they are there.

Diluted bleach is the best way to destroy parvovirus in an environment, but a period of 4-6 weeks is still needed after cleaning before a dog is introduced. If a parvovirus infected dog has been at the kennel before yours, there is a chance they have left part of this virus behind.

You must be extra vigilant about protecting your dog from parvovirus if you plan to leave them in the care of others during your summer holidays. Parvovirus is a painful disease that is not always treatable, so prevention is much better than a cure for your beloved canine.

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Are You Ready To Meet These 3 Basic Health Needs Of A Puppy?

Yes, they’re cute and cuddly, but puppies also come with a bunch of responsibilities. If you’re considering adding a puppy to your family, take some time to consider whether you are ready to meet their basic needs, and can give them the healthy and happy life they deserve. Here are three basic health needs that every prospective puppy carer should be well-informed about:

Vaccinations

Puppies receive their first vaccinations at 6-8 weeks old and have a follow-up jab at 12 weeks. They should then receive annual booster vaccinations to ensure they stay protected from diseases that can be fatal, or cause organ failure. It’s vital that a puppy is not exercised or socialised outdoors until they have had their vaccination at 12 weeks as they are not fully protected before receiving this second jab. Vaccinations cover the following diseases:

  • Hepatitis – Symptoms of hepatitis include abdominal pain, diarrhoea and fever. The disease can be spread from dog to dog through urine and is often fatal.
  • Distemper – Symptoms of distemper include convulsions, lethargy and conjunctivitis. Distemper is a viral disease that is highly contagious to puppies, whose immune systems are still developing, and can cause brain damage and death.
  • Parvovirus – Symptoms of this virus include fever, vomiting and diarrhoea. Parvovirus is spread through contact with infected excrement and is associated with a high death rate.
  • Canine Cough – The combination of a virus and bacteria make this disease difficult to treat. The main symptom is a hacking cough, which can be particularly harsh on a puppy’s respiratory system.

Worm And Flea Treatments

Fleas can cause painful skin diseases and can be difficult to get rid of once they take up residence in your home. A topical flea treatment should be administered to dogs once a month, but not all flea products are suitable for puppies, so ensure you purchase an appropriate product.

Worms can be devastating to a puppy’s overall health and can cause abdominal pain, vomiting and dehydration. Puppies should be wormed as follows:

  • Every two weeks between birth and twelve weeks old
  • Every four weeks between twelve weeks old and twenty-six weeks old
  • Every 12 weeks after they reach twenty-six weeks old

Healthy Diet

A puppy requires a nutritious and balanced diet to support physical growth and brain development. Specific nutritional requirements change as puppies move into adulthood, but dietary deficiencies can cause bone disease, digestive complaints and inflammatory skin conditions.

Your veterinarian can provide specific advice on diet and recommend a high-quality food. As a minimum, you should opt for food that’s specifically intended for the size and age of the dog, and it should contain essential fatty acids to support skin and coat health.

It may be tempting to give a puppy some of the foods you enjoy, but many human foods are poisonous to dogs. Chocolate, grapes, currants, and onions are just a few of the foods that are toxic to dogs.

Despite the additional responsibilities that come with a puppy, they do offer joy, unconditional love and daily exercise. If you decide you’re ready to add a puppy to your family, ensure you register with a good vet such as Fernlands Veterinary Practice so you feel comfortable asking for advice.

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How To Choose A Reputable Cattery

Some boarding houses are just better than others, and with shocking cases of neglect circulating the media from time to time it is necessary to choose carefully. Your pet’s well being is too important to leave to chance, and you won’t enjoy your holiday if you’re constantly worried about where they’re staying. Here are a few things to look out for when selecting the best place to board:

1. Go for a ‘Cats Only’ facility

While your cats and dogs might get along well at home, it might be better to select single species accommodation. If dogs and cats are being boarded in close quarters, then it is more likely that strange animals will cause undue stress for one another. Staff who specialize in handling one specific animal are more likely to be knowledgeable about their needs. If you really want to board your pets together, choose a facility that keeps dogs and cats completely separate. 

2. Take a tour

If the boarding house will not let you take a tour at any reasonable interval, then it is a massive red flag. When you tour, you should be looking at the size and condition of the cages. Is there enough room for the cat to climb and move around? Are they allowed to have personal items from home? Is the room well maintained and ventilated? 

3. Observe the health and behavior of boarded animals

The condition and disposition of any animals already in boarding should give you an idea about the standard of the facilities. Do they seem healthy and relaxed without being bored and understimulated? If possible, watch the staff interacting with their boarders to get a read on how well they are suited to the task of caring for other people’s animals.

4. Ask about emergency scenarios

A good boarding house will have a plan in case of emergency, such as one of their charges suddenly falling ill. If they cannot name their regular veterinarian, then do not board with them. Ask whether they will inform you in case of emergency and what the procedure will be for handling it.

5. If possible, choose a boarding house with webcam

Some boarding houses have gone all high tech and fitted their boarding rooms with webcams that can stream and be viewed online. If you’re an especially anxious pet parent, then perhaps paying a little extra for such a facility will put your mind at ease. 

When planning a long awaited holiday, it’s easy to become overloaded with things to get organised before you leave. Planning a vacation can be stressful, but a trip away can be just as stressful for your feline companions. If boarding your beloved pets is something you’re considering, then it is important to find the right cattery. You wouldn’t book a hotel without doing a little research, so why risk it with your pet?

For more information, contact a business such as Blu Ice Cattery.

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